I happened to receive these two emails in the same day.
Russ Lyons pointed to this news article by Jocelyn Kaiser, “Major medical journals don’t follow their own rules for reporting results from clinical trials,” and Kevin Lewis pointed to this research article by Kevin Murphy and Herman Aguinis, “HARKing: How Badly Can Cherry-Picking and Question Trolling Produce Bias in Published Results?”
Both articles made good points. I just wanted to change the focus slightly, to move away from the researchers’ agency and to recognize the problem of passive selection, which is again why I like to speak of forking paths rather than p-hacking.
As always, I think the best solution is not for researchers to just report on some preregistered claim, but rather for them to display the entire multiverse of possible relevant results.